Easy English Grammar Exercises-Complete the Sentences 6
Try to answer without looking at the answers!
1. d) 2. b) 3. a) 4. d) 5. c) 6. c) 7. a) 8. d) 9. b) 10. d) 11. c) 12. d) 13. c) 14. b) 15. a) 16. b) 17. d) 18. b) 19. a) 20. c)
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Hello Grammar lovers! On today’s #GrammarSeries we are talking about Gerunds. Although the term might sound foreign, the gerund is a common part of speech that most of us use every day, whether we know it or not. Today’s post will help you identify what you have been using before or what you have been […]
The Guide to Grammar and Writing The Guide to Grammar and Writing is sponsored by the Capital Community College Foundation, a nonprofit 501 c-3 organization that supports scholarships, faculty development, and curriculum innovation. If you feel we have provided something of value and wish to show your appreciation, you can assist the College […]
I love my independence. As a grown up, I can do whatever I want to do. Individually I am a complete person. Sentences are made up of parts. I have been sharing my exploration of the parts of speech and sentences. Necessary parts of sentences are clauses. Specifically I’m talking about independent clauses. One independent […]
Grammar lessons connote boring atmosphere, tedious repetitive exercises, and, worst of all, fear of saying incorrect forms and getting corrected by the teacher. The latter is obviously not a pleasant experience and is probably the reason why many learners dislike grammar. Thus, many come to a language course and say that they want to learn […]
Present Perfect Simple
Personal, possessive, relative… and more!
Difference between Present Simple and Present Continuous Form Simple Present Present Progressive infinitive (3rd person singular: infinitive + ‘s’) I speak you speak he / she / it speaks we speak they speak form of ‘be’ and verb + ing I am speaking you are speaking he / she / it is speaking we are […]
An idiom is an expression whose meaning is not predictable from the usual meanings of its constituent elements or from the general grammatical rules of a language and that is not a constituent of a larger expression of like characteristics. e.g. kick the bucket or hang one’s head. Some important list of idioms that will be taught […]
Adverbs can be tricky, where to put them, the different types there are, and even how to make them for your lower level students. Here is my comprehensive guide to adverbs, how to use them and when. Key knowledge for any English teacher starting out, or as an old hat in need of a refresher! […]
a) Which programmes you don’t like?
b) I can go home now, please?
a) Which programmes don’t you like?
b) Can I go home now, please?
In English, how do we say HOW MUCH of something we have? How do we measure things like chocolate, coffee or bread, for example? This chart by vocabularypage.com shows some common ways of expressing quantities, or how much:
Have got : informal Have : formal HAVE GOT and HAVE are interchangeable when we talk about possession or relationship in present tens. HAVE : Actions : Have a shower ( take a shower- American English) , have breakfast etc. Past tense : I had a test ( wrong -> I have got ) Custom […]
What is a phrasal verb? Phrasal verbs are two-part or three-part or verbs with idiomatic meanings, often used in informal English. As the definition indicates, an entire phrasal verb carries the same weight as a single verb. You should not try to translate the words individually, but accept the group of words as having one united […]
If…… = Then…..
Results depend on condition
It is about real and possible things happening.
About the future.
It is about impossible things happening or unreal things.
About the present.
About the past.
It is about real and true things happening, like facts for example.
First cond = ‘if+present’ – ‘will’.
Example; ‘If it rains, I will get wet.’
Second cond= ‘if+past’ – ‘would’.
Example; ‘If he came, I would explain to him.’
Third cond = if+past perfect’ – ‘would have’.
Example; ‘If you had taken your medicine, you would have a healthy body.’
The ‘if’ clause is the conditional clause. The other is the main clause or the result, (will, would, would have).
Discover English grammar learning! Comparatives and Superlatives!
If you can do at least 3 of the points successfully, it means, you are doing great! Well done! You are advancing!
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Quick English learning! Irregular Plural Nouns in English.
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Painless English learning!
Easy English grammar learning!
Common grammar mistakes!
1. The verb doesn’t agree with the subject:
a) There are many person in this class.
b) The film finish at four o’clock.
Advice: The verb should agree with the subject:
a) There are many people in this class.
b) The film finishes at four o’clock.
Easy English grammar learning!
The use of ‘Let’.
Let can be used as a noun. For example, a ‘holiday let’.
Let as a verb, refers to something, that an individual would be willing to do.
It is used for permission to do something, or allowing something.
It is also used to make a suggestion like ‘let us make this or that’.
It is also used to make something possible. For example, ‘If you use your money right, it will let you buy something nice.’
Let indicates, something to happen.
Let is a verb, which causes results.
English grammar lesson about verbs;
What is a verb?
A verb expresses action. It means action from a subject, or to a subject.
There are two types of verbs, active and passive.
Active means that we do the action to somebody else. For example; ‘I gave him a book’. Or we are doing the action ourselves. For example; ‘I am holding a book’
Passive means somebody else is doing the action to us. For example; ‘He gave me a book’.
Future continuous tense;
The future continuous tense, has two parts; one is to use ‘will be doing’, and the other is to use ‘be going to be doing’.
‘You will be eating’, or ‘you are going to be eating’.
If you want to sound natural in English, you have to use this tense, when speaking.
You can use this tense in a positive or a negative way.
For example, in a positive way is; ‘You will be eating’. In a negative way is; ‘You will not be eating’.
Quick English learning! Easy English grammar learning!
The Future Perfect Continuous Tense!
Two future actions – one is continuous. To speculate. To predict.
The future perfect continuous tense indicates an action, which will happen some time in the future, but which will start, at a particular time in the future and will continue, until some time in the future.
The important point about the future perfect continuous is that is has a time reference, which is the time when the action will start in the future, or the time when the action will stop in the future. If there is no starting or stopping time in the future, then it will be only a future continuous tense, to show an ongoing action in the future.
The future perfect continuous is about a longer action in the future, which is interrupted, by another action in the future.
Topic + WILL HAVE BEEN + Verb
‘By the end of the next year, she will have been living in Germany for 15 years.’
The ‘end of the next year’, is the interrupting action, which stops the future perfect continuous action ‘she will have been living in Germany for 15 years.’
There is duration of an action in the future, for some time, before it is completed or stopped.
GET…..is combined with;
Example; ‘Get about’.
about (travel frequently)
your act together (improve your behaviour)
ahead (do better in life than other people)
at sby (annoy sby, criticise)
away! (I don’t believe you!)
away from (avoid)
away from it all (go on holiday)
sth back (have sth returned)
back to normal (return to a normal state)
sby’s back up (annoy sby)
by (manage, esp. with little money)
cold feet (become unsure about doing sth)
down (become depressed)
down to sth (begin)
far (achieve a lot)
the hang of sth (learn how to do sth)
a head start (start sth before other people)
into sth (begin liking sth)
it (understand sth)
it in the neck (be told off)
a kick out of sth (enjoy, esp. sth negative)
a life (improve your life)
a load of sth (look at sth very interesting)
lost! (rude way to tell sby to leave)
the message (understand)
your money’s worth (get a fair amount of sth)
a move on (hurry up)
The kid was able _____ the bucket.
(b) of lifting
(d) to lift
They rejoiced ____ getting good marks.
Common Nouns and Proper Nouns
A noun is the name of a person, place, or thing.
Nouns are divided into two classes—proper nouns and common nouns.
A proper noun is the name of a particular person, place, or thing.
Examples: Lincoln, Napoleon, Ruth, Gladstone, America, Denver, Jove, Ohio, Monday, December, Yale, Christmas, Britannia, Niagara, Merrimac, Elmwood, Louvre, Richardson, Huron, Falstaff.
A common noun is a name which may be applied to any one of a class of persons, places, or things.
Examples: general, emperor, president, clerk, street, town, desk, tree, cloud, chimney, childhood, idea, thought, letter, dynamo, cruiser, dictionary, railroad.
Proper nouns begin with a capital letter; common nouns usually begin with a small letter.
Note. Although a proper noun is the name of a particular person, place, or thing, that name may be given to more than one individual. More than one man is named James; but when we say James, we think of one particular person, whom we are calling by his own name. When we say man, on the contrary, we are not calling any single person by name: we are using a noun which applies, in common, to all the members of a large class of persons.
Any word, when mentioned merely as a word, is a noun. Thus,—
And is a conjunction.
A common noun becomes a proper noun when used as the particular name of a ship, a newspaper, an animal, etc.
Nelson’s flagship was the Victory.
Give me this evening’s Herald.
My dog is named Rover.
The Limited Express is drawn by the Pioneer.
A proper noun often consists of a group of words, some of which are perhaps ordinarily used as other parts of speech.
Examples: James Russell Lowell, Washington Elm, Eiffel Tower, Firth of Clyde, North Lexington Junction, Stony Brook, Westminster Abbey, Measure for Measure, White House, Brooklyn Bridge, Atlantic Railroad, Sherman Act, The Return of the Native, Flatiron Building.
Note. These are (strictly speaking) noun-phrases; but, since all are particular names, they may be regarded as proper nouns.
A proper noun becomes a common noun when used as a name that may be applied to any one of a class of objects.
The museum owns two Rembrandts and a Titian.
I exchanged my old motor car for a new Halstead.
My fountain pen is a Blake.
Lend me your Webster.
He was a Napoleon of finance.
I am going to buy a Kazak.
Certain proper nouns have become common nouns when used in a special sense. These generally begin with a small letter.
Examples: macadam (crushed stone for roads, so called from Macadam, the inventor), mackintosh (a waterproof garment), napoleon (a coin), guinea (twenty-one shillings), mentor (a wise counsellor), derringer (a kind of pistol).
A lifeless object, one of the lower animals, or any human quality or emotion is sometimes regarded as a person.
This usage is called personification, and the object, animal, or quality is said to be personified.
Each old poetic Mountain
Inspiration breathed around.—Gray.
Who’ll toll the bell?
“I,” said the Bull,
“Because I can pull.”
His name was Patience.—Spenser.
Smiles on past Misfortune’s brow
Soft Reflection’s hand can trace;
And o’er the cheek of Sorrow throw
A melancholy grace.—Gray.
Love is and was my lord and king,
And in his presence I attend.—Tennyson.
Time gently shakes his wings.—Dryden.
The name of anything personified is regarded as a proper noun and is usually written with a capital letter.
She told me that she ____ find a job.
Test your grammar skills;
Sara persists _____ her studies.
Test Your Grammar Skills
Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with the proper
pronouns. See that there is agreement in person, gender, and number:
1. Has everybody finished —- work.
2. If any one wishes a longer time, let —- hold up —- hand.
3. The panther sprang from —- lurking place.
4. Many a man has (have) lost —- money in speculation.
5. The cat came each day for —- bit of meat.
6. Everyone has to prove —- right to a seat.
7. Let every boy answer for —- self (selves).
8. The crowd was so great that we could hardly get through —-.
9. Let any boy guess this riddle if —- can.
10. Company H was greatly reduced in —- numbers.
11. Every animal has some weapon with which —- can defend
12. Nowhere does each dare do as —- pleases (please).
13. The elephant placed —- great foot on the man’s chest.
14. The child did not know —- mother.
15. Every kind of animal has —- natural enemies.
16. The committee instructed —- chairman to report the matter.
17. Two men were present, but neither would tell what —- saw.
18. Truth always triumphs over —- enemies.
19. Nobody did —- duty more readily than I.
20. The cat never fails to catch —- prey.
21. I have used both blue crayon and red crayon, but —- does
(do) not write so clearly as white.
22. If John and Henry whisper (whispers) —- will be punished.
23. If John or Henry whisper (whispers) —- will be punished.
24. Both Columbus and Cabot failed to realize the importance
of —- discoveries.
Test your grammar skills;
The judge did not excuse the thief _____ unpunished.
(b) of be
(d) to be
Question 2: These products are inferior ____ that products.