Mood of Verbs

Mood is that property of verbs which shows the manner in which
the action or state is expressed.+

+Mood+ (or +mode+) is derived from the Latin word _modus_, “manner.”

Compare the following sentences, noting the form of the verb in each:

Richard _is_ quiet.

_Is_ Richard quiet?

If Richard _were_ quiet, I might study.

Richard, _be_ quiet.

In the first and second sentences, the form _is_ is used to assert
or question a +fact+; in the third, the form _were_ expresses a
+condition+ or +supposition+ that is contrary to fact; in the fourth,
the form _be_ expresses a +command+ or +request+.

The difference in form seen in the verb in these sentences is called a
difference of +mood+.

There are three moods,–the indicative, the imperative, and the
subjunctive.+

1. +The indicative is the mood of simple assertion or interrogation,
but it is used in other constructions also.+

2. +The imperative is the mood of command or request.+

3. +The subjunctive mood is used in certain special constructions of
wish, condition, and the like.+

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2 Comments

Filed under english grammar explanation

2 responses to “Mood of Verbs

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